(1) Improved laptime, handling, braking and traction, fuel consumption based on external tests realised with TÜV , between January 2018 and March 2018, to compare Pilot Alpin 5 vs previous generation Pilot Alpin 4, in dimension 225/40 R18 92V XL, on VW Golf VII 2.0 TDI : Lap time and handling lateral tests performed on wet and snow, Aquaplaning tests (curve and longitudinal), Snow braking and snow acceleration tests performed New and at 2 mm tread depth, fuel consumption.
(2) - 3PMSF - MICHELIN Pilot Alpin 5 is approved for use in snow conditions (with 3PMSF marking). To receive the 3PMSF marking, tyres must meet a minimum level of safety and mobility performance on snow.
(3) - longevity - External tests realised by DEKRA Test Centre, on Michelin's request, on VW Golf VII in March and April 2018 in 225/40R18 with CONTINENTAL WinterContact TS850P, DUNLOP WinterSport5, GOODYEAR UltraGrip Performance Gen 1, PIRELLI Winter SottoZero3 and Nokian WRA4 and external tests realised by DEKRA Test Centre, on Michelin's request, on VW Passat in February and March 2019 in 235/45R18 with CONTINENTAL WinterContact TS850P and CONTINENTAL WinterContact TS860S. Rolling resistance tests performed 2018 by TÜV SUD on 225/40 R18 92V XL, to compare Pilot Alpin 5 and Pilot Alpin 4 and performed internally by Michelin on Pilot Alpin 5 for R117 regulation.