Tyre Basics

The tyre: a technological treasure

Michelin 18 May 2010


Most people don’t pay too much attention to the humble tyre, but a closer inspection will reveal its technological marvels, its hidden complexity and its sophisticated elements. All brought together to meet your every mobility need.

These technological treasures help your tyre connect you with the road while you drive. They help provide grip, transmit acceleration and braking force, while cushioning your ride and accurately guiding your vehicle.

Despite conflicting requirements—grip and endurance, driving accuracy and comfort— MICHELIN never compromises on tyre design.

A tyre is made up of 200 components. Some of these play a vital role in safety, fuel efficiency and performance. And some provide new eco-friendly levels.

Technologies behind the MICHELIN ENERGYTM Saver

20% of a car’s fuel consumption is due to the tyres

If you want to use less fuel and have a safe tyre that lasts longer, then the MICHELIN Energy Saver is built for you. Its clever technology is designed to decrease tyre rolling resistance, which leads to reduced fuel consumption and CO2 emissions(1).

Latest technology at the heart of its performance

The MICHELIN EnergyTM Saver uses less fuel and provides excellent performance in wet conditions. This is partly due to a new generation 100% silica-based rubber compound. The partial substitution of carbon black by silica in 1992 helped MICHELIN to launch its first generation of low fuel consumption 'green tyres'. Since they were launched, Michelin has sold 570 million green tyres throughout the world.

They've already saved 12 billion litres of fuel and have helped avoid the emission of 30 million tonnes of CO2(2)

Today, MICHELIN ENERGYTM Saver uses the latest generation of silica, which almost completely replaces the carbon black.

Safer in the wet, mile after mile, thanks to Durable Security Compound (DSC).

DSC is a new ingredient in tread rubber. Free of aromatic oil (complying with the European Directive applied in Jan 2010), it improves wet braking. This happens not only when the tyre is new, but also when it’s worn. DSC ensures efficient braking (Michelin Patent) by maintaining the rigidity of the tread rubber during the whole life of the tyre.

Technologies behind the new MICHELIN Pilot Sport 3. ‘For enhanced driving sensations’

The new MICHELIN Pilot Sport 3 allows you to fully experience the enjoyment of sports driving, in all conditions. A whole host of race-bred technologies simultaneously enhance safety on wet roads, steering precision on dry roads and long tread life. To achieve this balance, the tyre has been built with unique, highly advanced technologies like the Green Power Compound, the Anti Surf System and Programmed Distortion tyre structure.

Green Power Compound: high performance and energy efficiency

This revolutionary compound ensures excellent grip on wet roads, lengthens tyre life and reduces fuel consumption. 18 victories at Le Mans 24-Hour Race, including 12 in a row, have helped MICHELIN collect a wealth of valuable eco-technology data.

Green Compound

Anti Surf System: optimum grip on wet surfaces

When there’s deep water on the road, most tyres suffer from aquaplaning. Now you can cut through puddles and maintain optimum grip thanks to a specially shaped shoulder that evacuates large volumes of water.

Programmed Distortion Tyre structure: improved steering precision, increased tread life

Steering precision and responsiveness are closely related to the rubber’s temperature and its resulting deformations. The MICHELIN Pilot Sport 3 features original technology that addresses this issue by seeking to maintain the tyre at an optimal temperature.  At low speeds, the tread heats up quickly to attain the level of flexibility required for good traction. At high speeds, it stiffens to prevent excessive temperature build-up.

MICHELIN introduces the GREEN X mark for the first time in a sports range:

All in all, the new MICHELIN Pilot Sport 3 delivers enhanced safety, driving enjoyment and environmental performance. As a mark of this energy efficiency, Michelin displays its GREEN X marking on a sports tyre for the first time.

Green X

MICHELIN Cold Weather tyre technologies

Michelin Cold Weather tyre technologies. A convergence of technologies for your safety in winter.


Helio Compound

The tyre compound contains sunflower oil, which helps the tyre stay supple when temperatures fall below 7°C. This innovation ensures improved braking and road holding on wet and snow-covered surfaces.



For greater grip and stability, Stabiligrip technology combines two types of different sipe. This improves traction and offers greater stability in snow, as well as stronger resistance at high speeds.


This technology is based on an innovative tyre structure: the asymmetrical tread patterns and various sipes offer improved driving on snow-covered roads. It also provides good road handling thanks to a wider bearing surface in the snow and stronger resistance at high speeds.
(1) On average compared to its principal European competitors. Fuel consumption and rolling resistance tests carried out by TÜV SÜD Automotive in 2008 and 2009, and at the DEKRA Test Centre in 2009 on tyre sizes 195/65 R 15 H and 205/55 R 16 V available on the market at the time. CO2 reductions result from the reduced fuel consumption.

(2) Method of calculation available on the website, figures in 01/06/200
  • car
  • 4x4 / suv
  • van / motorhome